WORK IN CANADA
Temporary work in Canada is one out of many pathways to Canadian permanent residency. That means that people with Canadian work experience can obtain Canadian permanent residency under specific programs. For example, temporary workers can qualify under Canadian Experience and PEQ.
The “standard procedure” is that a Canadian employer must apply for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). This also applies to In-home caregivers. The LMIA application is processed by Service Canada.
LMIA & WORK PERMIT
A key thing to understand is that the LMIA application and the Work Permit application are two separate assessments. The LMIA applicant is always the Canadian employer. So once the LMIA has been approved, the foreign worker can apply for a Work Permit to be able to work in Canada.
NO LMIA REQUIRED
Some workers don’t have to meet the LMIA requirement to be able to work in Canada. This is especially relevant to workers who qualify under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and persons who have a valid nomination from a province or territory. These individuals may obtain a work permit without requiring a LMIA. Self-employed persons providing significant benefits to Canada also do not require a LMIA.
OPEN WORK PERMIT
Another type of work permit is the so-called open work permit. Holders of an open Work Permit may work for any employer. If you are
- A recent graduate from a Canadian university
- The spouse/common law partner of a temporary foreign worker working in NOC 0, A or B job or
- The spouse/common law partner of a student pursuing studies in Canada,
you might qualify for an open Work Permit. The term open Work Permit means that you can choose and change employers at any time during the validity of your Work Permit. Also, your employment offer must not be supported by a LMIA.
The most popular and easiest way to work in Canada is through International Experience Canada (IEC).
To participate, your country of citizenship must have entered into an agreement with Canada that allows you to apply for an IEC Work Permit. IEC Work Permits are open Work Permits. Hence, no LMIA is required.
NO WORK PERMIT REQUIRED
In addition, some individuals are allowed to work in Canada without a work permit.
If you want to learn more about work opportunities and Canadian visa requirements, book a consultation with us today!